Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology

The Unit of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology has: 7 rooms of conventional radiology (3 in the new location of the Unit of Radiology and Diagnostic Imaging where radiological exams for the inpatients and the procedures of interventional radiology are performed; 2 in the Emergency Ward; 3 in the Outpatients clinic) and 1 Room for interventional radiology; 1 Computerized Tomography instrument; 1 high-field Magnetic Resonance device; and 8 image intensifiers that are used as a support in orthopedic surgery.
Since 2001 the Unit of Radiology and Diagnostic Imaging has had a system of off-line digitization and a digital archive (PACS). In 2005 the transfer of images by Web to the various Departments and Units was set up with the aim of reducing/eliminating the use of radiographic films and improving the efficiency of the Unit and the Departments. Due to the constant improvement in performance, in 2006 some equipment for direct digital radiology was installed to optimize the acquisition of the examinations (improved quality, reduced execution time, reduced radiant dose to the patient).

Clinical practice

Magnetic resonance device at Rizzoli Orthopedic InstituteThe work of the Unit of Radiology and Diagnostic Imaging mainly involves the study of the musculoskeletal system; radiological studies of other organs and/or systems for therapeutic and/or surgical planning, and the follow-up of some diseases of the musculoskeletal system are also performed.
In recent years, CT-guided interventional procedures (needle biopsy, thermal ablation, percutaneous vertebroplasty, treatment of facet syndromes, and the intra-articular injection of drugs) and vascular interventional procedures (embolization) have become more widespread. Their precise clinical indications produce effective diagnostic and therapeutic results with minimal invasiveness. Recently, with the purchase of a high-field Magnetic Resonance device, study protocols of the tumors of the musculoskeletal system and the cartilage are being optimized.
In 2005 the Unit of Radiology and Diagnostic Imaging performed around 100,000 treatments of conventional radiology (including 57,000 in emergency), 6,500 computerized tomographies, 4,300 magnetic resonance examinations, 400 interventional radiology procedures, and 3,500 private treatments within the hospital. Since the end of 2004 the Unit of Radiology and Diagnostic Imaging has been equipped with a bed for the hospitalization of patients undergoing interventional radiology procedures; in 2005 270 patients were hospitalized.
The Unit of Radiology and Diagnostic Imaging is attended every year by Physicians enrolled in the Radio-diagnostic Specialization School of the University of Bologna and students of the Degree Course in Techniques of Medical Radiology for Images and Radiotherapy of the University of Bologna.

Research activity

The Unit of Radiology actively participates in several areas and projects of clinical research. The projects that the Unit is mostly involved in are Roentgenstereophotogrammetric analysis (R.S.A.) and Digital Fluoroscopy. In fact, these radiological techniques allow the extremely precise assessment of movements of rotation and translation of knee and hip prostheses, and therefore the detection of early loosening. The Unit is also involved in the distribution via Web of digital images.

Content updated 29/07/2014 - 09:48
Content edited by: Dott. Ugo Albisinni (ugo.albisinni@ior.it)
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